Theft can be defined as "the taking of another person's property without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it." This could include a wide range of unlawful acts, as the definition is broad enough to include several different types of theft under the law. Florida Code §812.014 further explains that theft can even include temporary seizure of another's property with the intent to benefit from it or deprive the other person of their rightful ownership of it.
Common Theft Offenses
Types of theft that can be prosecuted under the law include:
- Petty theft
- Grand theft
- Identity theft
- Bank fraud
- Mortgage fraud
- Credit card theft
- Insurance fraud
- Computer fraud
- Government fraud
All of these instances of theft can carry serious consequences if found guilty. Theft has even been broadened under the scope of Florida law to include things like fraud, as well, and a conviction of this type of charge will bring a whole slew of penalties against the offender.
Depending on the value of the stolen property, penalties will be waged accordingly. The biggest difference in punishment for theft crime, however, is in considering whether it was a petty theft or grand theft.
- First Degree Petty Theft: (Property must be valued between $100 and $299) Penalties include a fine of $1,000 and a maximum jail sentence of 1 year
- Second Degree Petty Theft: (Property must be valued at less than $100) Penalties include a fine of $500 and a maximum jail sentence of 60 days
- First Degree Grand Theft: (Property must be valued at $100,000 or more) Penalties include a fine of $10,000 and a maximum prison sentence of 30 years
- Second Degree Grand Theft: (Property must be valued between $20,000 and $99,000) Penalties include a fine of $10,000 and a maximum prison sentence of 15 years
- Third Degree Grand Theft: (Property must be valued between $300 and $19,000) Penalties include a $5,000 fine and a maximum jail sentence of 5 years